Uttarakhand is renowned for its scenic beauty and rivers. India's two major rivers viz. Ganga and Yamuna start their journey from here. Besides these two rivers, Uttarakhand has a large network of rivers and canal which provides an immense scope for hydropower energy. One of the first hydro-power station in India was commissioned at Galogi in 1907. More power stations were subsequently developed over a period of time.
12th February, 2001 - A new dawn in the Power Sector of Uttarakhand when UJVNL came into existence, with some promises to keep with the home state, to emerge as a Power Major and to make the state, so called "Urja Pradesh".
Uttarakhand has a very high potential which is yet to be developed and to give impetus to power sector, Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (UJVNL) was formed. UJVNL is a wholly owned Corporation of the Government of Uttarakhand set up for managing hydro power generation at existing power stations and development, promotions of new hydro projects with the purpose of harnessing, the known, and yet to be known, hydro power resources of the State.
Today, UJVNL operates hydropower plants ranging in capacity from 0.2 MW to 376 MW, totaling up to 1306 MW. Though the State is more or less sufficient in its energy generation to meet its own requirements, it is committed to develop its huge hydro power resources in an early and efficient manner for economic well-being and growth of the State and its people.
The history of Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited can be traced back to erstwhile U.P. State Electricity Board (In short UPSEB). The erstwhile U.P. State Electricity Board was trifurcated pursuant to enactment of U.P. Electricity Reforms Act, 1999. U.P. State Electricity Reforms Transfer Scheme, 2000 was promulgated for execution of the trifurcation of erstwhile UPSEB into U.P. Power Corporation Ltd. (In short UPPCL), U.P. Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (In short UPJVNL) and U.P. Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd.. By operation of the aforesaid Scheme all the Hydro Electric Projects earlier owned and operated by UPSEB were transferred to UPJVNL (a Govt. Company existing prior to the said trifurcation) in addition to other projects owned and operated by the UPJVNL previously.
That UPJVNL was erstwhile known and setup as UP Alparthak Evam Laghu Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited, a Government Company which was incorporated in 1985 to own establish and operate small, mini and micro hydel projects. Later on the name of the company was changed to UP Laghu Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited and ultimately to UP Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited in 1996.
The State of U.P. was bifurcated by enforcement of U.P. Reorganization Act, 2000 (In short Reorganization Act) as a result thereof the State of Uttarakhand came into existence. The Govt. of India issued an order dated 05-11-01 u/s 63(4)(a) of the Reorganization Act whereby assets and liabilities between UPJVNL and UJVNL were divided. By operation of this order all the Hydro Power Assets of UPJVNL located in the State of Uttarakhand were transferred to UJVNL. Since then UJVNL is operating all these hydro power plants.