The NIPHM (National Institute of Plant Health Management) is a premier autonomous Institution under the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India with the mandate (Defenders) to promote; environmentally sustainable Plant Health Management practices in diverse and changing agro-climatic conditions; Pesticide Management and Biosecurity & Incursion Management through capacity building programmes; and extend policy support to Central and State Governments. The main focus of Plant Health Management programmes of the NIPHM is to promote agro-ecosystem analysis (AESA) based Plant Health Management in conjunction with Ecological Engineering (EE) through Farmer Field Schools (FFS), which takes into account the intricate interdependence among various components of an ecosystem, to promote biointensive approaches.
NIPHM offers training programmes in Biosecurity Management, Plant Quarantine, Sanitary and Phytosanitary issues to effectively tackle the challenges arising out of the globalization of trade in Agriculture; specialized programmes are offered in Pesticide Management, Rodent/Vertebrate Pest Management, Production of Biocontrol Agents and Integrated Nutrient and Weed Management. In order to promote safe and judicious use of pesticides, special programmes are offered in Pesticide Application Technology. NIPHM also plays an important role in capacity building of agricultural extension officers in South Asia, Africa & other developing countries. NIPHM in collaboration with USDA organized international programmes at NIPHM and building capacity of NIPHM faculty through USA based programmes. NIPHM was is involved in building SPS capacity in South Asia in collaboration with Dept. of Agriculture, Australia.
The National Plant Protection Training Institute (NPPTI) was established in 1966 for Human Resource Development in Plant Protection Technology under the Directorate of Plant Protection, to create qualified pest management personnel in adequate numbers both in the Central Government and in the Departments of Agriculture of States/Union Territories (UTs) to impart training to farmers. The Institute has been entrusted with the responsibility of organizing both long and short duration training courses for Human Resource Development on different aspects of Plant Protection. The activities of the Institute got a fillip in 1974, when international support from United Nations under a UNDP project with a financial assistance of $1.3 million was received from the year 1974 to 1980 to develop the Institute for providing more effective training programmes. Over the years the Institute has been recognized as a Regional Training Center for Plant Protection by the FAO of the United Nations and also as a Center of Excellence for Training in Plant Protection Technology under the World Bank aided National Agricultural Extension Project - III. NPPTI was one of the components of the ongoing scheme, "Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach in the Country", which is continuing in the XI Five Year Plan.
In order to bestow greater functional flexibility, and broader reach in delivery against the emerging challenges in the field of Plant Health Management, a very crucial area for enhancing our country's agricultural production, the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India had taken a decision for transforming this Institute into an autonomous body vide resolution F. No. 20-62/2007-PP I dated 13th October, 2008.