Assam Police is a mammoth organization with a sanctioned strength of approximately 65,000 (sixty five thousand). The chart below illustrates the rank and file of the officers and men. It is led by the Director General of Police and the Inspector General of Police with its Headquarters located at Ulubari, Guwahati.
The Director General of Police is assisted by several organizations such as the Assam Police Housing Corporation Limited (APHC), Assam Police Radio Organisation (APRO), Chief Minister’s Special Vigilance Cell (CM’s SVC), Civil Defence and Home Guard (CD&HG), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Border Organization, Bureau of Investigation (Economic Offences) (BIEO), Fire & Emergency Services (FES), Guwahati Police Commissionerate, Prosecution Wing, Railway Police, River Police Organisation, Special Branch (SB), Special Task Force (STF), Training & Armed Police (T&AP), Vigilance and Anti Corruption (V&AC), Village Defence Organisation (VDO), besides 7 (seven) Police Ranges – Central Range (CR), Central Western Range (CWR), Eastern Range (ER), Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District (BTAD) Range, Northern Range (NR), Southern Range (SR) and Western Range (WR), 35 (thirty five) Police Districts and 14 (fourteen) Assam Police Battalions (APBn), 9 (nine) Assam Police (India Reserve) Battalions including ONGC Battalion, 4 (four) Assam Police Task Force Battalions (APTF Bn), 1 (one) Commando Battalion and 6 (six) Police Training units – Police Training College (PTC), Battalion Training Centre (BTC), Armed Police Training Centre (APTC), Recruit Training School (RTS), APRO Training School, and Regional Training Centre for FES as well as 10 (ten) District Training Centres for CD&HG.
The glorious history of Assam Police is inextricably woven with the history of the Nation & North – East in general and that of present day Assam in particular. While Policing did exist in the days of Ahom kings, a modern Police came into existence with the coming of the British rulers. From humble origins, the force has grown from strength to strength tackling new challenges and crisis ranging from maintenance of law & order and prevention of crimes to tackling insurgency, violent ethnic movements and mass movements of unprecedented dimensions.