Indian Institute Of Astrophysics Jobs for Junior Research Fellow in Bangalore
Indian Institute Of Astrophysics
JRF job Position in Indian Institute of Astrophysics on contract basis
Project Title: Relativistic, Magnetic and Dynamical Astrophysics
No. of Post : 01
Qualification : M.Sc in Physics/Mathematics or B.Tech (Engg. Physics or related subjects) with minimum 75% marks in Science & Mathematics subjects and 60% aggregate or equivalent first class overall (full time regular course) from a recognized University/Institution and Qualified in at least one of the National Eligibility Test i.e. UGC CSIR - NET (JRF / LS) [June or December 2018] / GATE  / JEST .
Desirable : Working knowledge of theory in at least two subjects among general relativity, plasma physics and dynamics and skilled in analytics and numerics.
Fellowship : Rs. 31,000/- per month + Admissible HRA
Age Limit : 25 years or less as on 1st June, 2019
Place of Work : Bangalore
The last date to submit the online application :31.05.2019.
MSc(Mathematics / Applied Mathematics, Phy), BE/B.Tech
Looking for B.E. / B.Tech , M.Sc graduates profile.
The East India Company having resolved to establish an observatory at Madras for promoting the knowledge of Astronomy, Geography and Navigation in India, Sir Charles Oakeley, then President of the Council had the building for the observatory completed by 1792. The Madras series of observations had commenced in 1787(1786) through the efforts of a member of the Madras Government - William Petrie - who had in his possession two three-inch achromatic telescopes, two astronomical clocks with compound pendulums and an excellent transit instrument. This equipment formed the nucleus of instrumentation of the new observatory, which soon embarked on a series of observations of the stars, the moon, and eclipses of Jupiters satellites, with the accurate determination of longitude, as its first concern. The pier that carried the original small transit instrument on a massive granite pillar has on it an inscription in Latin, Tamil, Telugu and Hindustani, so that " Posterity may be informed a thousand years hence of the period when the mathematical sciences were first planted by British Liberality in Asia". In any case this quotation from the first annual report of the observatory is atleast a record of the fact that astronomical activity at the Madras Observatory was indeed the first among British efforts at scientific studies in India.
The longitude of the Madras Observatory has a most important role as fundamental meridian from which observations for longitude in the Indian survey are reckoned. The accuracy with which a map of India fits into a map of the world depends solely on the accuracy of the longitude determination of the transit instrument pier at the Madras Observatory. The work of the Great Tringonometrical Survey of India commenced at Madras on April 10, 1802 when a baseline measurement, related to the Madras longitude, was made.
For over a century, the Madras Observatory continued to be the only astronomical observatory in India engaged in systematic measures of star position and brightness. Goldingham, Taylor, Jacob and Pogson were the Government astronomers who dominated activity at Madras. With a new five feet transit, Taylor completed in 1884 his catalogue of places of over 11,000 stars. Double star catalogues, measures of their separation and the determination of their orbits were Jacobs principal interest. The observatory received a new meridian circle during his tenure and with it, besides observations for the determination of star position and evaluation of proper motions, a series of observations of the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn were commenced. From 1861 until his death in 1891, N. R. Pogson as Government astronomer, in keeping with progress in the science, entered into newer areas of observations. While the transit instrument and the meridian circle were both usefully utilized for a star catalogue of 3000 stars that included standard stars, large proper motion stars, variable stars and the like, it is with the new 8 - inch Cooke equatorial that he made discoveries of asteroids and variable stars. The asteroids Asia, Sappho, Sylvia, Camilla, Vera and the Variable stars Y Virginis, U Scorpii, T Sagittari, Z Virginis, X Capricorni and R.Reticuli were all first discovered visually at Madras either with the transit instrument or by the equatorial instruments. The discovery in 1867 of the light variation of R.Reticuli by C. Raghunathachary is perhaps the first astronomical discovery by an Indian in recent history. Pogson also undertook the preparation of a catalogue and atlas of variable stars, complete with magnitude estimates made by him both of the comparison and the variable. These were edited by Turner after Pogsons death.