What is Engineering ?

Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to solving problems in the real world. While science (physics, chemistry, biology, etc.) allows us to gain an understanding of the World and the Universe, Engineering enables this understanding to come to life through problem solving, designing and building things. The electronic device you are using to read this article was engineered from raw plastic, metal, silicon and lines of software code before being transformed into a usable device. Pretty cool!

Engineers can be distinguished from other professions by their ability to solve complex problems and implement solutions in cost effective and practical ways. This ability to face a problem, work through various thoughts and abstract ideas and then translating them into reality is what is so exciting about engineering.


Engineering is an occupation with extremely wide reach. The term ‘engineering’ covers many fields and, by extension, many skills. Engineers are scientists, inventors, designers, builders and great thinkers. They improve the state of the world, amplify human capability and make people’s lives safer and easier.

Engineering skills include:

  • the scientific method
  • social, cultural and economic awareness
  • mathematics
  • biology, chemistry, physics and other areas of science
  • creativity
  • teamwork


Engineering disciplines cover:

  • Mechanics and the construction of tools and machines of all sizes, from the nano scale to entire manufacturing facilities.
  • The creation of cars, trains, ships, boats, aircraft and all other vehicles.
  • The design and production of chemical compounds.
  • Operations of businesses and cities.
  • Entertainment, industry, construction, transport, healthcare, defense and more!


What are the Common Skills Engineers Use?

Engineers are problem solvers, organizers, communicators, calculators and designers. These skills rely heavily on rational thinking and logical decision making, which is why most Engineers come from science and math backgrounds. Yet despite this fact Engineering is a highly creative activity, especially when complicated problems are involved. The modern Engineer is also very software savvy and can use a range of different computing programs to assist in verifying designs and predicting how structures will behave in the environment.

What are the Common Fields of Engineering?

There are many branches and fields within the various Engineering disciplines which can be rather confusing. However, all Engineering degrees are based on one (or a combination) of the 4 major disciplines of Civil, Chemical, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.

There are some more fields in Engineering which you can go for and has wide scope in it :

Agriculture Engineering Aerospace Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Food Engineering Coastal and Ocean Engineering Software Engineering
Resource Engineering Hydraulics (water) Engineering Geotechnical Engineering

Eligibility for Engineering Courses :

Courses Eligibility
BE/BTech Candidates must have passed Class 10+2 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects.

They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60% in the above subjects combined.

BTech Lateral Entry Candidates must have passed 3-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with minimum 45 % aggregate marks or equivalent
ME/MTech Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for ME/MTech degree course.
Diploma Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 35 percent in Science and Maths subjects.
PhD Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55% marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches.

Engineering Entrance Exams
Most of the engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national level exams, and some conduct their own entrance exam. Here are some of the popular engineering exams in India at the UG and PG level.

JEE Main
JEE Advanced
BITSAT GATE is one of the most popular postgraduate engineering entrance exam for admissions to MTech programmes in India


Engineering Courses
Engineering programmes in India are offered at the undergraduate (UG), postgraduate and PhD level. Listed below are the types of engineering courses offered at various levels :

UG PG Doctral Courses
BTech Lateral Entry ME/ M.Tech Ph.D
Integrated/Dual degree


Do Engineers Work as Individuals?

This answer is dependent on the specific project, job and even field that engineers work in. Generally, all Engineers work as part of a small or large team. A Chemical Engineer conducting research and development may spend the majority of their time working independently in a lab performing experiments and writing technical reports. On the other end of the spectrum, a Civil Engineer in the construction industry may spend the majority of their time on-site, working with foremen and tradesmen to develop buildings or infrastructure.

Is Engineering Boring and Repetitive?

It is inevitable in any job, really, to have to perform dull and mundane tasks. Engineers are required to check calculations (which are vital so nothing explodes or collapses!), read technical papers and write technical reports. The true value found in engineering is the ability to combine all tasks to create something greater.

Consider that many other professions such as accounting, teaching and even business studies all have their own mundane and repetitive tasks – it’s the ability to create something special like a two-hundred story skyscraper or a car that runs on the invisible force electricity that makes engineering stand out! Engineering provides you with the opportunity to contribute to society and leave a lasting impression on the world – follow in the footsteps of engineers like Thomas Edison whose inventions are still used today!

There are various job titles that a student must know 

Job titles:

You will get the job title depending upon your specialization. For example – If you have completed engineering with Computer Science branch then you may be designated as software engineer, software developer, system designer, etc.

Common Job title for engineers are:

  • Chief engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Senior engineer
  • Assistant Engineer
  • System Engineer
  • Professor