Passenger road transport services in the state of U.P. started on 15th May, 1947 with the operation of bus service on the Lucknow - Barabanki route by the erstwhile U.P. Government Roadways.Subsequently, during the fourth Five Year Plan, the erstwhile UP Government Roadways was rechristened as Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) on 1-6-72 under the provisions of the Road Transport Act, 1950 with the following objectives:For the development of the road transport sector correlated to which would be the overall development of trade & industry.For coordination of the road transport services with other modes of transport.For providing or causing the provision of an adequate, economical & efficiently coordinated road transport service to the residents of the state.At the time of establishment of the Corporation it had a fleet of 4253 buses which were operating on 1123 routes. The corporation's earned kilometers operated at that time were 228.8 million kilometers. While the total number of passengers carried by its buses totalled 251.3 million.