The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) at Navi Mumbai (formerly known as the Nhava Sheva Port) located within the Mumbai harbour on the west coast of India, commissioned on 26th May 1989. It occupies a place of prominence among the major Indian ports. It is the second youngest and one of the most modern major ports of the country. It was initially planned to be a satellite port to the Mumbai Port with the purpose of decongesting traffic at the latter, eventually it was developed as an independent port on its own right and it became the country’s largest container port.
Being one of the oldest ports in India, the Mumbaiport was proving to be structurally inadequate to meet the requirements of modern cargo handling. Shallowness of the channel, congestion of roads and railways through the Mumbai city linking the port to its hinterland, as well as labor problems, including over-manning, were among the major problems ailing the Mumbai Port in the pre-reform days. As a result, the Port was simply incapable of handling the expandingvolume of modern cargo directed to the west coast and there was an urgent need for a new portin the Mumbai region, which eventually led to the birth of JNPT in 1989.
The construction project of the port is considered to be one of the technical marvels in the country, which was completed in a record time of just three-and-half years on the marshy soil and, in order to upkeep the beauty of nearby historical Elephanta Caves and surroundings, the management made use of contemporary sophisticated instruments while doing away of rock blasting. The landarea in possession of the JNPT measures to 2,987 hectares with enough back-up area ideally suited for developing additional facilities for future maritime requirements of the country.
It was built with an investment of Rs.1,109 crores, out of which Rs.956.97 crores were obtained as loans from various funding agencies, with the World Bank being one of the major contributors. Today JN Port is fully mechanised port & uses latest technology in handling of cargo at the terminals & presently handles about 40% of India’s container cargo.
Equipped with one of the most modern cargo handling facilities, cargo. JNPT has been a pioneer in running itsday-to-day operations with the help of information technology (IT), includingElectronic Data Interchange (EDI) and vessel traffic management system (VTMS).
JNPT enjoys very good road and rail linkages with its hinterland as well as important business centres like Thane, Nasik and Ahmedabad, which facilitate excellent port-industry interface.It is also characterized by highly automated and round-the-clock operations and has demonstrated enough potential and capacity to develop asIndia’s first major hub port.
Ever since its inception, JNPT has chartered India’s international trade to a glorious course of success and achievements, breaking all records & creating new benchmarks. It handled 64.03 million tonnes of total cargo during the financial year 2015-16. The operating income for FY 2015-16 amounts to Rs.1,508 crores compared to Rs.1,345 crores during FY 2013-14 & it handled about 4.49 million TEUs in the FY 2015-16.