Textile, one of humankind oldest commercial ventures, continues to find new applications in modern world. Textiles are not simply carpets, draperies and apparel but are also artificial kidneys, arteries, and hearts. They are incorporated in the shuttle space suit, in carbon fibre composite rocket exhausts, and in nose cones for NASA. Textiles compose artificial turfs and fabric roofs in sports stadiums and are reinforcement or barrier liners under roads, landfills, and sewage treatment ponds. Engineered fibrous structures have many varied uses in our everyday life and are playing critical role in novel complex systems in the fields of space, medicine, safety, environmental control, transportation and construction. The economic scope and importance of technical textiles extends far beyond the textile industry itself and has an impact upon just about every sphere of human economic and social activity.
Textile engineering encompasses the synthesis of polymers by nature and humans, fibre fabrication processes, assembling of fibres into one, two and three dimensional structures, modification of structural properties through dyeing, finishing, coating and measurement of complex aesthetic and mechanical properties of fiber based systems. New polymers and fibres, new methods of assembling fibres into useful products and new applications of fibres are continually developing.
Department of Textile Technology is a unique department among eighteen National Institute of Technology, which provide textile education in India. The department offers a broad based undergraduate programme on Textile Technology, post graduate programme (M.Tech) in Textile engineering and Management, M.Tech by research, post graduate diploma in Garment Manufactuing Technology ( starting from Aug' 2006) & Pd. D programme. The course curriculum is comprehensive and aims to provide a sound background in all areas of textile. As a result of the hard work of the faculty members over a decade the department has risen to a position of national eminence.
Courses offered by the department are concerned with the basic studies of processes and machines for converting fibers into yarns and finished fabrics. It also deals with the physical, chemical and technological aspects of natural and man made fibres. All aspects of textile production viz. spinning. weaving, knitting, processing and testing are extensively dealt with. Recently courses on Garment Technology and Technical Textiles have been introduced. The department has also initiated research and development activities in the above feilds.