The erstwhile Maharashtra State Electricity Board was looking after Generation, Transmission & Distribution of Electricity in the State of Maharashtra barring Mumbai. But after the enactment of Electricity Act 2003, MSEB was restructured into 4 Companies viz. MSEB Holding Co. Ltd., Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd. (Mahavitaran), Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. (Mahagenco) and Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd. (Mahatransco) on 6th June 2005. Mahavitaran distributes electricity to consumers across the State except Mumbai.
Mahavitaran supplies electricity to a staggering 2.20 Crore consumers across the categories in Maharashtra. There are about 1, 62, 61,420 Residential, 36, 67,883 Agricultural, 15, 69,043 Commercial 4, 38,366 Industrial and 1,29,661 other consumers in Mahavitaran.
As declared by the State government, Maharashtra has already become load shedding free in December 2012. During that time, it was the responsibility of Mahavitaran to make available the required amount of power of the State. Accordingly, measures such as Long Term and Short Term planning were done under the guidance and active support of the State Government. In the Long Term Planning, the work of Capacity Addition was carried out. In the Short Term Planning; the work of Demand Side Management were initiated. To reduce the load shedding hours, Mahavitaran implemented two schemes under Demand Side Management namely the Single Phasing Scheme and Gaothan feeder separation. In the Gaothan feeder separation scheme, the agricultural feeders were carved out from the mixed feeders. With this, Mahavitaran could stagger the demand of 2500-3000 MW which helped in load management and in strengthening of infrastructure and reducing losses.
Presently, 85% of the State is load shedding free and only 15% of the State is under load shedding. In fact, Mahavitaran is capable enough to fulfill the power demand of this 15% area but these are the areas where the distribution and commercial losses are very high and collection efficiency is less. As a part of the 2 policy and to bring a consumer discipline; Mahavitaran purposely implemented this policy of load shedding.
Mahavitaran gets power from Mahagenco, Central Sector and private projects. Mahavitaran has signed long term agreements of 25 years duration with the power producers to make provision for the required amount of power. From this, Mahavitaran will get 4685 MW in 2014-15; 1294 MW in 2015-16; 1550 MW in 2016-17; 4154 MW in 2017-18; 5323 MW in 2018-19 and 2885 MW in 2019-2020.
To strengthen the distribution network of the State, Mahavitaran implemented the Infrastructure Plan in two phases. In the phase- I of the Infra plan, work of about ₹ 11,000 Cr were done. Because of this, in the last five years approximately 60 Lakhs new connections were released. This includes, around 45 Lakh residential, 10 Lakh Agricultural, 4 Lakh Commercial and 1 Lakh Industrial Consumers. It has helped to improve the quality of power and services of the company. It enabled the system to carry 20,000 MW of power.3 In the Infrastructure Plan Phase- II, Mahavitaran has planned to incur ₹ 8304.32 Cr.