Mahatma Gandhi once said "Eighty percent of the Indian population lives in villages and most of them live below poverty line. We should therefore formulate such plans and schemes which are beneficial to weakest person of the society also. If the poor people are not brought into mainstream of development, the total development of India will not be possible." Our Prime Minister Late Mrs. Indira Gandhi initially nationalized 14 commercial banks with the intention that these institutions would float credit in social activities and rural development. But after 06 years of nationalization she realized that nothing concrete could be achieved. She then brought in an ordinance on 2nd October,1975 (Date of Birth of our beloved Bapu and LalBahadur Shastri ji) to set up the Regional Rural Banks with the object to accelerate the development of rural economy. The aim was to attain upliftment of the poor, the neglected and the down trodden people by channelising the flow of credit to the rural areas.
The Regional Rural Banks were local in structure and were based at the District level. The Lead Banks were given the responsibility of sponsoring these RRBs. The paid up capital was subscribed by the central government, sponsoring bank and state government in the ratio of 50:35:15.In a slow but steady process 196 RRBs were established in 615 districts across the country. The ordinance of 2nd October,1975 came to be recognized as Regional Rural Banks Act,1976 and there were 15155 branches up to 20th July,2009 with approximately 69000 employees serving the country.
Union Bank of India sponsored 4 RRBs in India of which 3 were in the state of Uttar Pradesh. These three Banks were Kashi Gramin Bank, Gomti Gramin Bank and Samyut Kshetriya Gramin Bank. Samyut Kshetriya Gramin Bank, with its headquarter at Azamgarh was established on January 06, 1976. It covered 4 districts (Azamgarh, Ghazipur, Mau and Ambedkar Nagar) with a network of 168 branches and 5 extension counters. A total of 929 staff members served a population of approximately 9092458 people covering 20 tehsils and 56 development blocks. By the end of March, 2005 there were deposits of Rs.11443674 thousand with 61:39 demand term ratio. The total advances of SKGB stood at Rs.2736661 thousand with CD ratio of 23.91% basic. The bank issued 13422 Kisan Credit Cards to farmers by the end of March, 2005.
Gomti Gramin Bank was established on 30th March, 1981 with its Head Office at Jaunpur. It had 84 branches covering 6 tehsils and 21 blocks. There were 376 employees by the end of March, 2005. The Gomti Gramin Bank set the following vision "Our endeavor: Integrated Development". The bank mobilized deposits worth Rs.5471912 thousand with a demand term ratio of 51:49. By the end of March, 05, the outstanding advances were Rs.1693384 thousand. The bank made a continuous effort to improve credit flow by meeting its financial targets to provide credit to target as well as non target group of borrowers. By the end of March, 05 the CD ratio of the bank was 31.69% and it had issued12558 Credit Cards to the farmers.
With the onset of Globalization and financial reforms all over the world, self dependency became the keyword in banking industry. This scenario put pressure on RRBs also which were hitherto concentrated on social banking. Banking industry was very intensively growing and RRBs had to face extreme competitive environment as soon as they tried to capture the non target group customers. India was rapidly sailing on the tides of financial reforms. The banking industry was trying to make big bases by way of consolidation. There were no choices left to Government of India than to consolidate the RRBs. In this process the government of India embarked upon a process of amalgamation of RRBs which were adjacently situated and sponsored by the same sponsoring bank. Due to this process of amalgamation the number of RRBs has reduced from 196 to 83 with 15155 branches which cover 615 districts of the country. 68476 employees are serving the rural as well as urban mass of the country.
In this process Kashi Gramin Bank, Gomti Gramin Bank and Samyut Kshetriya Gramin Bank sponsored by Union Bank of India in U.P. were amalgamated by GOI vide its notification No.SO-1264(E) on 12th September 2005.