The Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR), Lucknow was established in 1952 by the erstwhile Indian Central Sugarcane Committee for conducting researches on fundamental and applied aspects of sugarcane culture as well as to co-ordinate the research work done on this crop in different States of the country. The Government of India took over the Institute from the Indian Central Sugarcane Committee on 1st January, 1954. On April 1, 1969, it was transferred to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi alongwith other central agricultural research institutes.
The Institute is situated 4.8 km from Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), 8 km from Alambagh Bus Station, and 12 km from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport Lucknow at Rai Bareli Road (26.56oN and 80.52oE) at 111 m above mean sea level. Distance from New Delhi is about 500 km and well connected to all major cities of the country.
The climate of the location is subtropical semi-arid. The summer season, spanning from mid March to mid June, is hot and dry with mercury exceeding 40oC quite frequently in recent past. The long term monthly average maximum temperature for April, May and June are 36.4, 40.0 and 38.5oC. The monsoon normally commences from 18-21 June and extends till last week of September. The average rainfall during last five years has been around 880mm and rainy season in primarily unimodal (nearly 80-85% of precipitation received during monsoon). The winter season starts from mid November and is extremely chill with mercury touching about 1oC at times. The long-term average minimum temperature for November, December, January and February are 11.5, 7.3, 7.0 and 9.7oC.
Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary, DARE and Director General, ICAR visited ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow on June 8, 2016. Dr. Mohapatra visited laboratories and workshop of the Institute and got acquainted with various research and developmental activities of the Institute. Addressing the scientists and staff of the Institute, Dr. Mohapatra appreciated the efforts of the scientists working on biological control, agricultural engineering and AICRP on Sugarcane. He urged upon the scientists to assess the requirement of sugarcane in the country for the next twenty years in view of changing scenario of climate change, biodiversity, insect-pests and diseases challenges and soil and water status. Expressing the concern of Hon’ble Prime Minister regarding doubling the income of Indian farmers in five years, Dr. Mohapatra urged the scientists to device ways in this regard. He called upon them to increase the yield, sugar content and sugar recovery of sugarcane, develop stress tolerant varieties of sugarcane, carry out processing and value addition and develop linkage of processors to the market. Dr. Mohapatra emphasized that there is a need of intensive research in the field of integrated pest and disease management by developing efficient strains of Trichogramma or discovering new bio-control agents. Before commercialization of any proven technology, it needs to be properly validated and economically analyzed. He also suggested that entrepreneurial development programmes may be chalked out by the Institute and should be implemented in order to attract rural youth in agriculture. Dr. Mohapatra stressed the need of paradigm shift in sugarcane research in India. He urged the scientists to think “out of the box” to develop technologies which can increase the existing sugarcane yield with minimum inputs and having sugar recovery by 1.5 folds. He also highlighted the need of quality research publications with high citation index and impact factor. Dr. Mohapatra called upon the young researchers to take new challenges as the opportunities and devote more time in science with full potential.
Dr. J.K. Jena, Deputy Director General (Fisheries), ICAR; Dr. S.K. Chaudhary, Assistant Director General (Soils), ICAR; Dr. P.C. Sharma, Director, ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal and Dr. A.N. Mukhopadhyay, Ex. Vice-Chancellor, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat were also present during the visit. Dr. A.D. Pathak, Director, ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow welcomed the DG, ICAR & other dignitaries and briefed about the major developments at the Institute.