Forest Department is one of the important departments under the government of Chhatisgarh. It is engaged in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of forestry, and environmental programmes in the state. It is the sole custodian of rich forest resource of the state.
The state of Chhattisgarh being placed in Deccan bio-geographical Area, houses an important part of that rich and unique biological diversity. What is a more conspicuous is that the state is significantly rich in endemism with respect to many plants having medicinal importance. The forests of the state fall under two major forest types, i.e., Tropical Moist Deciduous forest and the Tropical Dry Deciduous forest. The state of Chhattisgarh is endowed with about 22 varied forest sub-types existing in the state.
Sal (Shorea Robusta) and Teak (Tectona grandis) are the two major tree species in the state. Other notable overwood species are Bija (Pterocarpus marsupium), Saja (Terminalia tomentosa), Dhawra (Anogeissus latifolia), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon) etc. Amla (Embilica officinalis), Karra (Cleistanthus collinus) and bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) constitute a significant chunk of middle canopy of the state forests. From the management point of view, there are four types of forests in the state of Chhattisgarh. These are Teak, Sal, Miscellaneous and Bamboo forests.
Biogeographically, the state falls in Deccan bio-region comprising representative fauna of central India like the tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), gaur (Bos gaurus), sambhar (Cervus unicolor) , chital (Axis axis), nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). The state is a proud possessor of rare wildlife like the wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and hill myna (Gracula religiosa) which have been declared as rare and endangered. Apart from the species diversity, the state is also endowed with rich genetic diversity. The variation in the genetic composition of individuals within or among floristic and faunal species is large.