The Central University of Orissa has been established by the Parliament under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (No. 3C of 2009). It is one of the 15 new Central Universities established by the Government of India during the UGC XI Plan period to address the concerns of “equity and access” and as per the policy of the Government of India to increase the access to quality higher education by people in less educationally developed districts which have a Graduate Enrollment Ratio of less than the national average of 11%. Koraput District of Orissa comes within the KBK region (Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi) which is still considered as an extremely as underdeveloped region of the State of Orissa .These three districts of the State are known for tribal culture, because majority of the people here belong to ST and SC categories. Since there is no University or any other national level educational set up in this region the Central University is proposed to be established here so that it may widen the access to quality higher education in the country.
The Central University of Orissa adopted five villages adjacent to the University for its Socio-economic Development on 25th September, 2015. This initiation was taken under the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, started by the Government of India to bring transformational changes in the rural development process by leveraging knowledge institution to help build the architecture of an inclusive India. Prof. Sachidananda Mohanty, Vice-Chancellor of the University inaugurated “Unnat Bharat Abhiyan” programme of the University, organised at Chikapar village of Sunabeda. Speaking on the occasion Prof. Mohanty said “Charity begins from home” and the development of the University should be started from the local villages. The University announced the adoption of five adjacent villages named Chikapar, Chakarliput, Rajpalama, Balda and Nuaguda. The Vice-Chancellor also stressed the need for local area development of the villages, concentrating on education, health care, adult literacy, sanitation and skill development among the rural people. The University will take initiative on field work for village survey. Activities will be conducted for educational and Computer literacy programme for the village students of age group 12 to 20 years, coaching of village students for various competitive examination and for proficiency in English and mathematics. People from the five adopted villages expressed their enthusiasm for this initiative.
On 27th September, 2015, by going door to door of the villagers, Vice – Chancellor interacted with the people and listened to their problems and also explained the goals of the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan.