In pursuance of the recommendations of the Scientific Manpower Committee made about five decades ago, the erstwhile Ministry of Education, Government of India, initiated a ‘Practical Training Stipendiary Scheme” with the object of providing Practical Training to the fresh Engineering Graduates and Diploma Holders in Engineering. This scheme was directly administered by the Ministry of Education, Government of India at New Delhi, initially under the scheme, the industries/establishments, which took part on a voluntary basis, were requested to share the cost of stipend payable to the Apprentices equally. As the response from the Industries/Establishments to the scheme was quite encouraging and the demand of training from the needed candidates was equally increasing, the scheme was decentralized for administration of the same to its four Regional offices. As the demand for training increased quite alarmingly the Government of India set up four Regional Boards of Apprenticeship/Practical Training at Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur, and Mumbai in the year 1968 as ‘Autonomous Bodies’ having representations from the industrial associations and organizations, State Government and other professional bodies. Thus the Administration of the scheme was vested with these Boards with the sole object of functioning independently to provide apprenticeship training to the fresh engineering graduates/technician apprentices under the provisions of the Apprentices Act, 1961 as amended in 1973. The Act has once again amended in 1986 to bring the products of 10+2 Vocational/Junior College/Intermediate pass outs students under the provisions of the Apprentices Act. These new categories of apprentices are termed as Technician (Vocational) Apprentices.
These four Regional Boards are authorised agencies to implement the National Scheme of Apprenticeship Training in their respective regions.
In order to provide on the job training to fresh engineering graduates and diploma holders in engineering in an organized effective manner, four Regional Boards of Practical Training (BOPT)/ Board of Apprenticeship Training (BOAT) were set up by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Govt. of India as Autonomous organizations in 1968. The Regional offices of the Boards are located at Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur & Mumbai. After having set up the Regional Boards, the PTS Scheme was transferred to four Regional Boards, entrusting the direct responsibility and autonomy in the Administration of the Scheme.